D'où viennent les rides d'expression ?
À force de répétition, certains mouvements faciaux tels que les froncements des sourcils, les clignements des yeux et les plissements du nez renforcent les muscles qu’ils sollicitent. Ces activités musculaires entraînent le froissement de la peau avoisinante, occasionnant ainsi des microtraumatismes qui sont à l’origine des rides d’expression. Les pattes-d’oie, les rides du front et les rides entre les yeux en sont des exemples.
What Is Botox® ?
Botox© has been in use for more than 20 years in the treatment of several muscular disorders, such as blepharospasm (tic of the eyelids), strabismus (squinting of the eyes) and cervical dystonia. Over the recent years, many other medical problems (incontinence, reflux, hyperhidrosis , headaches, etc.) have found in Botox® a simple and efficient treatment. It was at the beginning of the 1990s that Carruthers ; Carruthers, Vancouver specialists, popularized its cosmetic application.
The Wrinkles Treated
Botox® is used for treating the following wrinkles:
- Worry lines of the forehead,
- Glabella wrinkles between the eyebrows,
- Crow’s feet in the outer corner of the eyes,
- Fine lines of the lips,
- Wrinkles of the nose root (rabbit),
- Wrinkles in the corners of the mouth.
Designed specifically for smoothing out expression lines, Botox® Cosmetic acts on the muscles under the skin; it won’t necessarily modify all surface wrinkles. Complementary methods exist for reducing this type of wrinkle: hyaluronic acid , implants of fat , as well as other efficient techniques such as peeling , lasabrasion , photorejuvenation (Elos TM ) and liftings (lips, face, neck, forehead) through endoscopy or short incisions.
Treatment without Convalescence
The procedure in itself lasts 15 minutes. It is practically painless and requires no convalescence . You therefore resume your normal activities immediately after. The cosmetic surgeon will inject small quantities of Botox® Cosmetic into the muscle. Its beneficial effect-although often perceptible only 72 hours after the treatment -will reach its peak 10 days later.
Two or three annual injections are usually recommended to maintain the treated muscles in a relaxed state.
Is This the Solution for Me?
After reviewing your medical history and performing a physical checkup, Dr. Bernier will tell you if the treatment is advisable or not.
However, lines caused by the natural aging process and extended or repeated exposure to the sun’s rays will not be improved by this type of injection. Also, some medical conditions are not compatible with Botox® , such as pregnancy and neuromuscular disorders, therefore this procedure will not be advised.
Thanks to her expertise in these different techniques, Dr. Bernier will be able to guide you toward the most appropriate solution for your particular skin problem.
Frequently Asked Questions about Botox®
Biotechnology allows us to produce in the lab a protein (toxin) originating from the Clostridium botulinum bacterium. Subjected to a highly specialized extraction and purification process, it blocks the transmission of the nervous signal to the muscle. Botox® is injected in minute quantities directly into the muscle in order to reduce its activity.
The bacterium produces a toxin which, once ingested, may cause botulism, a rare food intoxication. However, you need doses at least a thousand times greater than those we administer in cosmetic treatment. Given the small quantities used, Botox® therefore boasts an important safety margin.
The risks are the same as those associated with any type of injection, i.e. slight sensitivity at the point of injection, swelling, ecchymosis (bruise). In rare occasions, a flu feeling or headache can also develop. In other exceptional cases, effects in adjacent muscles can cause falling of the eyelid or double vision. These last side effects do not last long. Compensatory treatment would then be suggested.
Normal expression of the face will not be affected, since only certain small hyperactive muscles will be weakened. Several muscles interact in giving movement to a region and they will not all be treated. The objective is therefore to diminish localized excessive movements.
You can also check the Allergan Canada website.