How Does Microdermabrasion Work?
The first layers of skin are made up of the epidermis and a layer of dead cells whose role is to protect against exterior aggressions. These cells are gradually replaced. However, with aging these cells accumulate, become compacted, thereby causing visible imperfections, and interfere with the function of basal cells responsible for continually regenerating the skin. If these cells are “lead to believe” that there is sufficient cell thickness, they will cease to produce new ones. Eliminating dead cells therefore rekindles the renewal process besides improving the appearance of the skin surface.
When microdermabrasion is performed deeper, it creates microlesions between the epidermis and the dermis that will encourage the restorative process to form new tissues that are firmer and younger.
What Are the Effects on the Skin?
After microdermabrasion, the skin is softer and more even. You can observe with repeated sessions that the fine lines are levelled and the surface flaws smoothed out; the skin pores become tightened because the skin releases the accumulated sebum (oil) and helps to eliminate comedones (blackheads). Microdermabrasion unifies the complexion, brightens the skin making it more radiant. You will notice that the makeup applies easily and evenly.
Microdermabrasion is a rather mild, painless technique that doesn’t even require local anesthesia. With deeper microdermabrasion, there can be some light tingling, even slight sensitivity that is sometimes accompanied by slight swelling for a few days.
Is This the Best Solution for Me?
Microdermabrasion is often viewed as a complement-even an enhancer-of the Radiophotorejuvenation technique. By eliminating the cell debris and making the tissue layer more uniform, microdermabrasion promotes a more even penetration of light energy.
This technique also is an adjuvant for anti-ageing lotions (anti-free radicals, vitamin A, vitamin C, etc.) that facilitates their uniform penetration.
Some pigmentary lesions or wrinkles may benefit from a more “interventionist” method to start with, such as laser, peeling, etc.
What Should I Do after the Treatment?
The treated area is naturally more sensitive and delicate after the procedure; therefore, skin-cleansing scrubs and irritating lotions (e.g. vitamin A) should be avoided in the following days. Gently wash the treated area with a mild soap and water. Do not expose the freshly treated areas to the sun for a few days and use preferably a sunscreen.
The presence of side effects is rather exceptional since this is a mild technique. Nevertheless, certain cutaneous conditions requiring a more in-depth procedure may cause small superficial crusts. They will fall by themselves after a few days. It is especially important not to pull them off. It is normal and even desirable to observe a fine desquamation; all that is then required is proper moisturizing of the skin.
Several sessions of microdermabrasion are usually required depending on the condition of the cutaneous surface to be treated. The rate of these sessions is normally every 3 to 4 weeks; a maintenance session is also recommended every 3 months.