Varicose Veins Treatment
Varicose veins or spider veins are a sign of a blood circulation problem in the legs. They are actually veins that can no longer fulfill their role as reservoir and conduit for the return of blood to the heart. As a result, they expand permanently; becoming swollen, tortuous, and bluish in color and a cosmetic problem for a lot of people. These veins can also cause discomfort, pain and sometimes even swelling of the legs.
Varicose veins are an inherited disease where, if one of the parents is affected, 60% of the offspring can also be affected. If two of the parents are affected, the probability increases to 80%, with the condition becoming more severe with age.
Varicose veins affect both men and women equally. However, they appear earlier in women due to certain hormonal changes, especially those during pregnancy. Moreover, pregnant women tend to consult early because of the associated aesthetic damage, while men are more likely to consult if they have symptoms. In their fifties, men often showcase a more severe condition than women.
In addition to heredity and age, certain factors can be aggravating to the appearance of varicose veins, such as having a profession that requires you to stand for long periods of time or being overweight.
If you have a venous problem, it is important to have it evaluated by a specialist because varicose veins can lead to more severe complications, aside from the aesthetic aspect.
At Dr. Bernier’s Centre de Chirurgie et de médecine esthétique, a clinical evaluation, including an ultrasound, will be the first step to decide which is the most appropriate type of treatment for your venous problem.
Several varicose veins treatment options are available to you. We perform surface sclerotherapy, microsclerosis, laser therapy, and ultrasound sclerotherapy to treat your varicose veins.
Sclerotherapy consists of injecting a product into the affected vein with a small needle. The agent, a liquid drug for small veins or a foam drug for large deficiencies used under ultrasound, will irritate the walls of the treated vein. The wall of the vein collapses due to fibrosis and is then absorbed by the body.
This painless procedure, which doesn’t require anesthetics, lasts between 10 and 20 minutes. The treated veins will disappear after a few weeks. However, multiple treatments may be needed depending on the patient.
After injections, some associated effects and discomforts may occur. Sensitivity above the vein, bruising, tightness, and hardening of the skin are some of the side effects that may occur.
An undeniable advantage of ultrasound foam treatment is that patients do not need to take time off work and it lowers costs compared to more invasive techniques, such as the endovenous laser.
Simple sclerotherapy does not require any special care or changes in habits for the patient. For echosclerosis, a 15-minute walk is suggested after the treatment and extensive exercise should be avoided for a few days.
To learn more about varicose veins treatment, you can consult the dedicated page.
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